Alarm and Detection

Fire alarm and detection systems are incorporated into virtually all commercial and industrial premises in the United States. It is therefore essential that those with responsibility for installation, design and management of these systems have a working knowledge of their operation and application.

Fire detection and alarm systems harness cutting-edge technology to ensure that fires are detected faster and the damage they cause is minimized. In 2008, fires resulted in over 15 billion dollars worth of property damage*. Don’t let your business suffer similar property loss, with properly installed and maintained fire detection and alarm system, property damage is significantly reduced.

As a result, there is an increased responsibility placed on designers, builders, contractors, engineers, and architects for compliance with current specifications.

In any business, down time is costly and unacceptable. With this in mind, we offer customized solutions designed and installed per NFPA.

USAutomatic Protects Lives and Protects Property.

Alarm And Detection Systems Include:

Conventional and Addressable Detection Products, Audio/Visual Notification Appliances, Smoke and Fan Controls, Elevator Recall, UL Certification, Fire Alarm Control Panels, Fire Alarm System Networks, Test, Inspect, and Monitoring Devices, Emergency Voice Evacuation Systems, Access Control and Security
*Source: U.S. Fire Administration Website

Gas Detection

At USAutomatic, we are committed to providing a complete range of fire detection solutions and services. We strive to help others better understand the impact and benefits of various types of fire detection technologies.
Inevitably occasional escapes of gas occur, which create a potential hazard to the industrial plant, its employees and people living nearby. Worldwide incidents, involving asphyxiation, explosions and loss of life are a constant reminder of this problem.

Gas Hazards

There are three main types of gas hazard:

Flammable: Risk of fire and/or explosion (230 or more known flammable gases. e.g. Methane, Butane, Propane, etc).

Toxic: Risk of Poisoning (60 plus known toxic gases. e.g. Carbon Monoxide, Hydrogen Carbon Dioxide, Chlorine, etc).

Asphyxiant: Risk of Suffocation (e.g. Oxygen deficiency). Oxygen can be consumed or displaced by another gas.

Flammable Gas Hazards

Combustion is a fairly simple chemical reaction in which oxygen is combined rapidly with another substance resulting in the release of energy. This energy appears mainly as heat – sometimes in the form of flames. The igniting substance is normally, but not always, a Hydrocarbon compound and can be solid, liquid, vapor or gas. There are approximately 234 known flammable gases.

Toxic Gas Hazards

Some gases are poisonous and can be dangerous to life at very low concentrations. Some toxic gases have strong smells like the distinctive ‘rotten eggs’ smell of H2S. The measurements most often used for the concentration of toxic gases are parts per million (ppm) and parts per billion (ppb). The term ‘hygiene monitoring’ is generally used to cover the area of industrial health monitoring associated with exposure of employees to hazardous conditions of gases, dust, noise etc. In other words, the aim is to ensure that levels in the workplace are below the statutory limits.

Asphyxiant (Oxygen Deficiency) Hazard

Oxygen depletion can be caused by displacement, combustion, oxidation or chemical reaction.

Oxygen Enrichment Hazard

Oxygen enrichment can also cause a risk. At increased O2 levels the flammability of materials and gases increases. If too high, items such as clothing can spontaneously combust. Areas where hazards may arise from oxygen enriched atmospheres include welding equipment, manufacturing, storing rocket propulsion systems, products used for bleaching in the pulp and paper industry and clean water treatment facilities.

Typical Areas that Require Gas Detection

Oil & Gas

Exploration Drilling Rigs

Production Platforms

Onshore Oil and Gas Terminals

Refineries

Boiler Rooms

Flammable Gas Leaks from the Incoming Gas Main

Leaks from the Boiler and Surrounding Gas Piping

Carbon Monoxide Given Off by Badly Maintained Boiler

Tunnels/Car Parks

Car Tunnels

Underground and Enclosed Car Parks

Access Tunnels

Ventilation Control

Chemical Plants

Raw Material Storage

Process Areas

Laboratories

Pump Rows

Compressor Stations

Loading/Unloading Areas

Semiconductor Manufacturing

Water Reactor

Water Dryers

Gas Cabinets

Chemical Vapor Deposition

Power Stations

Around the Boiler Pipe Work and Burners

In and Around Turbine Packages

In Coal Silos and Conveyor Belts in Older Coal/Oil Fired Stations

Waste Water Treatment Plants

Digesters

Plant Sumps

Pumps

H2S Scrubbers

Hospitals

Laboratories

Refrigeration Plants

Boiler Rooms

Gas Detection Techniques and Comparison

Catalytic

Advantages: 

Simple, measures flammability of gases.

Low cost proven technology.

Disadvantages

Can be poisoned by lead, chlorine and silicones that remains an unrevealed failure mode.

Requires oxygen or air to work.

High power.

Positioning critical.

Electrochemical

Advantages:

Failure modes are unrevealed unless advanced monitoring techniques used.

Requires oxygen to work.

Positioning critical.

Disadvantages:

Failure modes are unrevealed unless advanced monitoring techniques used.

Requires oxygen to work.

Positioning critical.

Point Infrared

Advantages:

Uses a physical rather than chemical technique.

Less sensitive to calibration errors.

No unseen failure modes. Can be used in inert atmospheres.

Disadvantages:

Flammable gas detection only in %LEL range.

Measures concentration of flammable gases which have then to be related to the flammability of the gas.

Positioning critical.

High/medium power.

Open Path Infrared

Advantages: 

Area coverage – best chance to see a leak.

No unseen failure modes.

Latest Technology.

Can detect low concentrations.

Positioning not as critical.

New toxic version as well as flammable.

Disadvantages:

Higher initial purchase cost.

Not suitable for use in smaller areas.

Detection path can be obscured.

Semiconductor

Advantages:

Mechanically robust, works well in constant high humidity conditions.

Disadvantages:

Susceptible to contaminants and changes in environmental conditions.

Non linear response effects complexity.

Thermal Conductivity

Advantages:

Measures %VN concentrations of binary gas mixtures even with the absence of oxygen.

Disadvantages:

High gas concentrations only.

Limited range of gases.

Cannot measure gases with conductivities close to air.

Higher maintenance requirements.

Paper Type

Advantages:

Highly sensitive and selective for toxic gases. Leaves physical evidence of the gas exposure. No false alarms.

Disadvantages:

Requires extraction system. May need sample conditioning.

Honeywell Analytics Products

Honeywell Analytics is the world’s leading manufacturer of flammable, toxic, and oxygen detection systems, bringing together nearly 200 years of collective experience in the design and creation of some of the most innovative products in gas detection. Suitable for industrial, commercial, and domestic applications where people can be exposed to flammable, toxic or oxygen deficiency gas hazards, Honeywell Analytics’ gas detection solutions are available in a variety of fixed and portable ranges.

The company’s core competencies lie in the design, development and manufacture of electrochemical, catalytic, paper tape, and infrared sensors. With a high commitment to research and engineering the company offers solutions to increasingly difficult gas detection and monitoring applications.

Honeywell Analytics’ success is built on a legacy of innovation in and the development of gas detection technology. Responsible for a number of industry “firsts” that has defined and transformed the theory, practice and language of the gas detection industry, notable innovations include the original Siegistor catalytic bead, development of optical point and open path infrared gas detection technology, the Chemcasette® paper tape cartridge and the world’s first automated electrochemical cell manufacturing facility.

For additional information, visit www.honeywellanalytics.com.

About Honeywell Analytics Parent Company, Honeywell

Honeywell Analytics is a part of the Honeywell Automation and Control Solutions business group, a global leader in providing product and service solutions that improve efficiency and profitability, support regulatory compliance, and maintain safe, comfortable environments in homes, buildings and industry. Honeywell International is a $30 billion diversified technology and manufacturing leader, serving customers worldwide with aerospace products and services; control technologies for buildings, homes and industry; automotive products; turbochargers; and specialty materials. Based in Morris Township, N.J., Honeywell’s shares are traded on the New York, London, Chicago and Pacific Stock Exchanges. It is one of the 30 stocks that make up the Dow Jones Industrial Average and is also a component of the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index.

For additional information, visit www.honeywell.com.

Honeywell Analytics Products:

Analyzers

Fire & Gas Detection Systems

Fixed Controller Systems

Personal Gas Detection

Sensors & Transmitters

Toxic Gas Detection

Gamewell-FCI Products

 Gamewell-FCI designs and engineers commercial fire alarm systems for a broad scope of commercial, industrial and institutional applications worldwide. In cooperation with a global network of Engineered Systems Distributors (ESD), Gamewell-FCI delivers carefully engineered, dependable products as a result of innovative and consistent, research and development. Having our systems engineered to meet worldwide approvals, listings and standards, Gamewell-FCI continues to exceed industry requirements with ISO 9001 certification.
Why Gamewell-FCI? With its expansive product portfolio, strong network of ESDs, and solid customer support staff, all backed by the extensive resources of the Honeywell Fire Systems group, Gamewell-FCI is able to satisfy the specifications of practically any application.
Previously independent entities, Gamewell and Fire Control Instruments (FCI) joined together in 2005 in a growth offensive with the goal of providing our distributor partners with an unparalleled portfolio of products that encompass a unique combination of Technology and Tradition that’s unavailable from any other, single source. For additional information, visit www.gamewell-fci.com.

Quality & Safety

One of the major reasons for Gamewell-FCI’s success is its steadfast commitment to Quality. First in the industry to be approved under ISO 9001standards in April, 1993, Gamewell-FCI employs professionals in research, design, engineering and production. These dedicated professionals work as a tight-knit team to ensure compliance with performance specifications.

Gamewell-FCI’s achievements translate into an operating philosophy that is a commitment to excellence, which ensures total customer satisfaction, highest quality, most complete product line, prompt on-time delivery, and competitive pricing.

Gamewell-FCI is among the first in fire alarm industry to accept and introduce the challenge of Just-In-Time delivery and Zero defects manufacturing. The extensive manufacturing facility takes up the majority of space in the company’s 252,000 square foot world headquarters building in the United States. This facility has met certification under International Organization Standards (ISO 9001) quality control program for design and production.

Gamewell-FCI is committed to meeting our customers’ quality expectations. In all aspects of our business we will continuously strive to improve our product quality and business processes.

Gamewell-FCI Products:

Analog Panels/UDACTs/Modules

Analog Addressable Devices & Detectors

Conventional Panels/UDACTs

Conventional Devices

Network Systems

Voice Evacuation Systems

Remote Annunciators/Displays/Printers

NAC Appliances

Power Supplies/Batteries

Municipal Products/Master Boxes